Sunnyvale (UK) Sunnyvale, Pronunciation: [snivel], or a samnibal[snivl] is a city in Santa Clara County, California, the United States of America and one of the major cities that makes up Silicon Valley. In the 2000 Census, the population was 131,760, but in 2010, the population increased by more than 6% to 140,018.
City of Sunnyvale
Murphy Avenue of Sunnyvale
Santa Clara County and Sunnyvale locations in California
|county||Santa Clara County|
City of Sunnyvale
|City||58.6 km2 (22.6 mi2)|
|land||55.8 km2 (21.9 mi2)|
|water surface||1.8 km2 (0.7 mi2)|
|water area ratio||3.05%|
|Elevation||39 m (128 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||2400/km2 (6200/mi2)|
|equal time||Pacific Time (UTC-8)|
|daylight saving time||Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)|
|Official website: City of Sunnyvale|
The city of Sunnyvale is surrounded by San Jose in the north, Moffet Federal Airport in the northwest, Mountain View City in the west, Los Altos City in the southwest, Cupatino City in the south and Santa Clara City in the east. The historic El Camino Real (in Spanish, the National Highway) and National Route 101 run through the city.
As part of the Silicon Valley, Sunnyvale is headquartered by many high-tech companies including Juniper Networks, Palm, AMD, Net-up, Spans, Yahoo!, Simco Electronics, Miraport, Applied Micro and Aliva. There are also aerospace and defense companies. Lockheed Martin has a large facility in which Hanwell, the Northrop Grumman Electronic System's marine system (which has the Hendy Tekko Museum) and Sprento Communications have their offices in the city. There is also the Onizuka Air Base, which is called the Blue Cube in the local area and is the most prominent one. The base was named after the astronaut Erison Onizuka, who died in the Space Shuttle Challenger accident. It was the main US military satellite control facility until August 2010.
Sunnyvale is one of the few cities with a single integrated public safety department that has been trained to involve in fire defense, police and emergency rescue operations for all of its three functions.
There is the Sunnyvale Public Library, which is a public library for the citizens.
When the Spaniards first entered the Santa Clara Valley in the 1770s, many Oroni Indians lived there. In 1777, the Oroni Indians, who converted to Christians, built the Santa Clara Mission.
In 1842, Francisco Estrada and his wife Ines Castro were granted land patents for Rancho Pastoria de las Boregas. Some of the land later developed into Mountain View and Sunnyvale. Two years later, in 1844, another land patent was granted to Loupe Iniho and became one of the few Indians with patented land. The place was named Rancho Posolomi after the village of Posolmi, an Oloni Indian, in the area. Rancho Posolomi later came to be called Rancho Iniho.
In 1844, Martin Murphy Jr. and his father arrived in California as part of the Stevens-Townsend-Murphy troop. In 1850, Murphy bought a part of Rancho Pastoria de las Boregas for $12,500. Murphy had turned it into a wheat field and a ranch, and named it "Bayview." In Santa Clara County, he built a wooden house with wood from New England for the first time. The house was dismantled in 1961, but was rebuilt in 2008 as the Museum of Sunnyvale Historical Heritage Park. When Murphy died in 1884, the land was divided among his heirs.
In 1860, the San Francisco San Jose Railway was allowed to build a track in BayView, and built Murphy Station. Lawrence Station was constructed later at the southern end of Bayview.
In the 1870s, due to the Asset Tax Act of the County, the import of wheat, and the deterioration of soil, the production of wheat in Santa Clara County became economically unstable. A small orchard was built in place of a large wheat plantation. In 1871, James Dawson and Eloy Dawson built the first canned fruit factory in Santa Clara County. Soon fruit tree cultivation and canned food became the major industry in the county. Refrigerated freight cars were invented, which further increased the possibility of an economy dependent on fruit. In 1886, the majority of the orchards were made up, so the San Jose Trade Commission called Santa Clara County 'the World Garden.'
In the 1880s, Chinese workers accounted for 48% of the farmers in Santa Clara County. The ratio fell over time after the Chinese Exclusion Act was enacted. In the 1890s, immigrants from Italy, the Azores, Portugal and Japan started to work in the orchard.
In 1897, Walter Everett Crossman bought 200 acres (809,000 meters²) of land and started selling real estate. He advertised the area as a "beautiful murphy." In the 1900s, Crossman expressed the place as 'a city of fate.' In 1897, Ensina School was also established as the first school in Murphy. Before this time, the children of the town had to attend a school in Mountain View.
In 1901, the inhabitants of Murphy were informed that the post office could not use the name Encial or Murphy. They decided to use Sunnyvale as the name of the town.
Sunnyvale continued to grow, and in 1904 dry fruit production began. Two years later, Chicago's meat processing company Libby McNeill and Libby decided to open its first fruit processing plant in Sunnyvale. Today, a water pumping tower, similar to the initial fruit cocktail of Libby Co., Ltd., shows where the factory was located.
In 1906, when the Joshua Hendi Steel Works was destroyed in a fire caused by the San Francisco Earthquake in 1906, the company's buildings were moved from San Francisco to Sunnyvale. This ironworks were the first non-agricultural industry in town. Joshua Hendy Iron Works switched from production of mining equipment to production of marine steam engines.
In 1912, the residents of Sunnyvale voted in favor of the municipal enforcement and Sunnyvale became an official city.
In 1923, the first high school, Fremont High School, opened. It functioned as a military base before the school was established and during World War II. A plane flew between the port and the Moffet Station, which opened in 1933, and it was normal to get a fuel supply here. According to the 1948 Annual Survey, students are looking at the military plane in a building near the building. The Fremont High School has an old military building, such as the Kamaboko-gata barracks built after World War II, and is now used as a facility for the wrestling team.
In 1930, the U.S. Congress decided to put an airship base on the West Coast in Sunnyvale. The U.S. Navy air base was later named Moffet Naval Air Base, which later became the Moffet Federal Airport and is now called Moffet Airport.
In 1939, the American Space Development Advisory Committee (the predecessor of the current NASA) started research at the Ames Research Institute.
During World War II, the war economy gave Santa Clara a chance to shift from the fruit industry to the high-tech industry. Joshua Hendy Works produced marine steam engines, naval guns and rocket launchers to support the war. As the defense industry grew, the agricultural production population decreased. Immigrants from Mexico filled the void.
After the war, there were no fruit farms or corn farms and houses, factories and offices were built. In 1956, aircraft manufacturer Lockheed moved its headquarters to Sunnyvale. Since then, many high-tech companies have built their offices and headquarters in Sunnyvale. Among them are Advanced Micro Devices and Yahoo. One of the early video games, the prototype of "Pon," was installed in a bar called Andy Caps in September 1972. This bar is now Luster T. Fethers.
In 2002, a few remaining fruit gardens were abolished and replaced with houses and shops. However, there still remains an orchard owned by the city, similar to a historical heritage orchard adjacent to the Sunnyvale Community Center.
In 1979, an indoor shopping center called Sunnyvale Town Center was opened in a historic shopping district. The shopping center succeeded for several years but began to decline in the 1990s. After the establishment of shops and the replacement of business owners were carried out, the shop was dismantled in 2007, and a new central shopping district was built on the site of the building.
Sunnyvale is 37 degrees 22 minutes 7.56 seconds north latitude 122 degrees 2 minutes 13.4 seconds west longitude/37.3687667 degrees north latitude 122.037056 degrees west longitude/ 37.3687667;.037056. According to the National Census Bureau, the total area of the city is 22.6 square miles (58.6 km2), of which the land area is 21.9 square miles (55.8 km2), the water area is 0.7 square miles (1.8 km 2), and the water area is 3.05%. The altitude is 130 feet (40 meters).
Sunnyvale, like most of the San Francisco Bay Area, has a Mediterranean climate with a warm, rainy winter, a pleasant warm winter, and a very dry summer, and is suitable for soccer and football. The average high temperature during the summer is in the latter half of the 70F range (24-27°C), and it is rare for the winter to fall below 50°F (10°C).
|Climate of Sunnyvale|
|Maximum Temperature Record °C (°F)||24 |
|Mean maximum temperature°C (°F)||14 |
|Mean Minimum Temperature °C (°F)||4 |
|Minimum Temperature Recording °C (°F)||-6 |
|Precipitation mm (inch)||82.3 |
|Source: National Weather Service August 2010|
On May 4, 1998, in the unusually intense thunderstorm, Sonivale and its neighbor Los Altos were attacked by two tornadoes near the strength F2 on the Fujita Scale, which cost a total of $4 million. There were no seriously injured people. In the San Francisco Bay Area, tornado was rare and the high-pressure rotation was particularly unusual. It was the first time that high quality weather radar data was collected on high pressure super cell thunderstorms accompanied by tornadoes. A smaller tornado was not not in this area. Two months before this, another small tornado had been observed at Lockheed Martin's facility at the Moffet Federal Airport.
On January 21, 1962 and February 5, 1976, there was a snowfall which could be measured in most areas of Sunnyvale and San Francisco Bay.
The following is demographic data for 2000.
Households and family (number of households)
Income and household finances (estimated 2008 in parentheses)
According to the 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top 10 employers for Sunnyvale are as shown below.
|rank||employer||number of employees|
|6||Northrop Gramman Marine System||1,200|
|8||West Valley Engineering||1,088|
The California State Council is part of the 13th and 22nd House constituencies. The House of Representatives is part of California's 14th electoral district, with the Democratic Party of 21 in the Cook Ballot Scheme. As of 2010, all of the members of the Democratic Party of Japan were working. As of March 20, 2009, there were 56,466 voters in the city, of which 25,677 voters were Democrats and 12,716 Republicans. The remaining 18,073 do not belong to either of the two major political parties. Mayors and vice mayors of Sunnyvale are not elected by direct elections. Instead, they were elected from among the members of the Municipal Government Commission, and their terms of office were two years and one year.
Sunnyvale City has several districts, which are not official, but are used by the city's many district councils, which are the basic place names listed on the map.
- San Miguel - Lakewood Village to the south and east of the Snile District, including Fairoaks Park, a residential district in northern City
- Birdland - a residential area in which the street is called a bird, mainly a single house, occupying the southeast edge of the city
- Lakewood Village - A residential area in the northeastern part of the city surrounding Lakewood Park, mainly occupied by a single house and mobile housing
- Heritage Area - Includes housing and commercial areas in the city center, and downtown shopping areas called normal town centers
- Cherry Chase: Located in a residential area in the western part of the city, Cherry Chase Elementary School is located south of El Camino, east of Nicker Bocker and Route 85, north of Remington and, and north of Mary. This was built at the site of the cherry and apricot orchard. Many houses have fruit trees left behind by housing developers.
Sunnyvale City maintains a register of regional councils. The City of Sunnyvale maintains a neighborhood association registry. The southern half of Sunnyvale City is an overwhelmingly residential area, and most of the area north of Route 237 is used for industrial purposes.
The eastern end of El Camino Real, which runs through Sunnyvale, is home to a concentration of companies owned by South Indian immigrants.
Areas separated by Fremont Avenue and Cupatino in the south and Los Altos in the west are considered to be comfortable to live in, judging from the value of housing.
There are many parks in the area of Sunnyvale. Among them are Las Palmas Park, Ortega Park, Washington Park near the center, two golf courses and Baylands Park where the Linux Picnic is held every year.
In November 2009, the main street in Sunnyvale Central Town was reopened after ongoing redevelopment of the area, which was the first open street for cars and pedestrians. In December, the finish of the two office tower sites, McKinley Avenue and the Washington Avenue residential building and Matilda Avenue, started to blow the remaining partially completed Redwood Square building until the project came to a conclusion.
In May 2010, Nokia signed a lease with the office towers of Washington Avenue and Matilda Avenue, and Sunnyvale became the headquarters of northern California. This was a major step towards bringing the potential market for redevelopment projects to the potential buyers.
In Sunnyvale City, light rails and buses from the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Bureau and commuter trains from Kaltrain are operated. On the expressway, National Route 85, National Route 101, National Route 237 and Interstate Expressway Route 280 run. Part of Route 82 passes through the city center and leads to the historic streets of El Camino Real. From the American Union of Cyclists, the country's third level of a bicycle-friendly society, there are bicycle-only lanes that are off the streets and running along the streets, traffic signals that can be used to move bicycles, and parking spaces for both the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Bureau and the Calutrain. The Bicycle Pedestrian Advisory Committee advises the City Government to continue the development of the city bicycle plan.
Three nearby international airports are available on commercial flights. The nearest is Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport, which is 9.5 miles (15 km) away from the central city. You can also go on the light rail and bus at Caltrain and the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Bureau. You need to transfer to a free shuttle bus from Caltrain and Light Rail stations to the airport terminal. The next nearest is San Francisco International Airport, which is 27.7 miles (44 km). You can also go to Caltrain and Bay Area Rapid Transit. Metropolitan Auckland International Airport is 37.5 miles (60 km) away. Many public transportation services are available at this airport.
According to the FBI criminal report, Sunnyvale is among the 10 safest cities of the same size in the United States. From 1966 to at least 2004, he was not below the fifth rank of the ten heroes. According to the 2005 Morgan Quint Award, Sunnyvale was ranked 18th among the safest cities in the United States. In 2009, Forbes magazine ranked seventh on the list of safe cities in the United States.
The tradition handed down for a long time in Sunnyvale is related to the ghost appearing in the shops of Taiza and others in the city. Silvia Brown, a spiritualist, claimed that he had come into contact with a ghost on the 1978 TV program "That's Incredible" and named the ghost Joni Johnson. This story is from the 1991 show "Haunted Lives: True Ghost Stories". Browne also said that Johnson, a farmer who worked in the orchard in which the toy shop was now standing, had injured his foot with an ax in an accident and died of a lot of blood.
well known native and inhabitant
- Terry Hutcher, TV actress, Despatched Wives and Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, Sunnyvale grew up and attended Mango Junior High School (now Sunnyvale Junior High School) and Fremont High School
- Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple, raised in Sunnyvale and attended Homestead High School
- He went to Peter Uveros, a commissioner of the former Major League Baseball League Baseball, an organizer for the 1984 Summer Olympics, Fremont High School
- Brian Boytano, figure skater, Calgary Olympics, attended Ponderosa Elementary School and Peterson High School
- Andrew Fire, 2006, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, raised in Sunnyvale, attended Horenbeck Elementary School (present-day Challenger School), Mango Junior High School (present-day Sunnyvale Junior High School) and Fremont High School
- Benjamin Brown took the gold medal in the 1600m Relay at the 1976 Summer Olympics and attended Sunnyvale High School
- Randon Kurt Noor, astronaut, cryptologist, mathematician, and the largest prime number three times was the youngest and a former Sunnyvale City Council member
- Trojan Tullowitzky, MLB, Colorado Rockies, Sunnyvale, and went to Columbia and Fremont High School
- I went to Tully Banta-Cain, NFL American football player, San Francisco Fortiniers and Fremont High School
- MC IN SUNNYVALE AT TALK SHOW OF MARK LEVIN NATIONAL TELEVISION
- Imran Khan, Bollywood (Indian film) actor, moved to California and went to Fremont High School
- Sean Dawkins, a former NFL player, Cupatino, lived in Sunnyvale while attending Homestead High School
- Francy Lalue Smith, Olympic athlete, Fremont High School
- Jeju Chan, Emmy Award-winning journalist Peterson High School
- First-season TV American Dance Idol Champion Nick Lazarini
Sunnyvale in popular culture
- In the TV programs "Buffy: Koi suru Jika" and "Angel," Sunnyvale is the subject of interest, and "Sunnydale" is the name of the fictitious town. One of the screenwriters even made a virtual website with Sunnydale, the same postal code as Sunnyvale.
- In the 1980s movie "War Game," the space division of game company Protovision and North American Aerospace Defense Command is supposed to be in Sunnyvale.
- In the Saturday Night Live story of Gap Girls, Sunnyvale is the location of the GAP store. Chris Farley, Adam Sandler and David Spade appeared on the program.
- In the film Life-Size, the name Sunnyvale was used.
- Sunnyvale is set in the 1993 TV movie "Stalker Heterosexual Love" (I Can Make You Love Me). The cast was Brook Shields and Richard Thomas. The film is based on an office shooting incident that took place in the Sonivale Defense Industry ESL on February 17, 1988. A former employee, Richard Farley, who was frustrated with his colleague Laura Black, killed seven employees and injured more than four others before surrendering to the police.
- Sunnyvale is set in the TV station G4's animated program Code Monkeys.
- Cyberdyne Systems Corporation of the movie "The Terminator Series" is in Sunnyvale.
- In the 1978 movie "Attack of the Killer Tomato," a furniture store in Sunnyvale was added to the opening credit. The shooting took place in Southern California.
- ^ "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Viewed on December 24, 2011.
- ^ Pong, video game at arcade-history.com
- ^ Scott Cohen, Zap! The Rise and Fall of Atari, ISBN 0-07-011543-5 (McGraw-Hill, 1984)
- ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau, (2011-02-12)Available April 23, 2011.
- ^ "Vacation Planner". Weather Channel. Read on May 22, 2009.
- ^ Sunnyvale and Los Altos, CA Tornadoes, San Francisco State University, Department of Geosciences
- ^ Hit and Run: Freak tornado injures no one, but leaves behind costly damage,, The Sun (Sunnyvale's Newspaper), May 6, 1998
- ^ Monteverdi, John P.; Warren Blier, Greg Stumpf, Wilfred Pi and Karl Anderson (November 2001). "First WSR-88D Documentation of an Anticyclonic Supercell with Anticyclonic Tornadoes: The Sunnyvale-Los Altos, California, Tornadoes of 4 May 1998". AMS Journal (American Metrological Society) 129 (11): 2805. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<2805:FWDOAA>2.0.CO;2December 15, 2008. ...
- ^ Coile, Zachary; Emily Gurnon (February 6, 1998). "Storm knocks out power to thousands in Bay Area; Marin commuters cut off by U.S. 101 closure". THE STORMS OF '98 (San Francisco Chronicle)December 15, 2008.
- ^ Sunnyvale city, California: 2008 American Community Survey (U.S. Census Bureau)
- ^ City of Sunnyvale CAFR
- ^ Cook Partisan Voting Index
- ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/ror/ror-pages/60day-stwdsp-09/politicalsub.pdf
- ^ A 'Little Madras' here too ... ., The Hindu, On line edition of India's National Newspaper, May 2, 2004 (article about the South Indian business district along El Camino Real in Sunnyvale)
- ^ Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, Ortega Park
- ^ Morgan Quitno Awards, 11th Annual America's Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities (undated)
- ^ Forbes Magazine, America's Safest Cities
- ^ Per Forbes, Bay Area Indo American, America's Safest Cities
- ^ Haunted Toys 'R' Us, snopes.com, January 16, 2007, citing Gina Boubion, Ghost Lets Playful Side Show in Pranks at Haunted Toy Store, The Houston Chronicle, April 26, 1993, p. A2; and Dan Koeppel, Ghost Sightings Aren't Spooking Sales at Toys 'R' Us, Chicago Tribune, June 23, 1991, p. C8
- ^ Ghost Research Society, Toys 'R Us Ghost
- City of Sunnyvale - Official Site
- Sunnyvale Public Library
- The King's Academy
- El Camino Hospital Health Library & Resource Center
- Sunnyvale Community News
- Sunnyvale Heritage Park Museum
- THE HAPPIEST PLACE IN AMERICA